Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism, How Do They Differ? — Two of the most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. While both conditions affect the function of the thyroid gland, they differ in several important ways.
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid gland produces insufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, constipation, and depression. Hypothyroidism is more common in women than in men and is often caused by an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Other causes of hypothyroidism may include radiation treatment, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, or congenital hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is typically diagnosed through a blood test that measures thyroid hormone levels.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism occurs when thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including weight loss, rapid heart rate, anxiety, and tremors. Hyperthyroidism is also more common in women than in men and is often caused by an autoimmune disorder known as Graves’ disease.
Other causes of hyperthyroidism may include thyroid nodules, excessive iodine intake, or medication side effects. Hyperthyroidism is typically diagnosed through a blood test that measures thyroid hormone levels.
How Do Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Differ?
The symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are often opposite. Hypothyroidism can cause weight gain, fatigue, and constipation, while hyperthyroidism can cause weight loss, rapid heart rate, and diarrhea.
The underlying causes of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are different. Hypothyroidism is often caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or other autoimmune disorders, while hyperthyroidism is often caused by Graves’ disease or thyroid nodules.
The treatment for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism also differs. Hypothyroidism is typically treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy, while hyperthyroidism may be treated with medications to block the production of thyroid hormone, radioactive iodine therapy, or surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
If you are experiencing symptoms of a thyroid disorder, it is important to consult with certified internist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. With proper treatment, most people with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism can lead healthy, active lives.
Schedule your consultation and thyroid test with our internist dr. I Made Bayu Indratama, Sp. PD at BIMC Ubud Medical Centre via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism, How Do They Differ? — Two of the most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.