First Aid on Sprains and Strains — Strains are injuries when a muscle or tendon (tissue that attaches muscle to bone) is stretched too far. While sprains are injuries where a ligament is stretched or torn within a joint. Mostly, sprains and strains happen on your ankle, knee and wrist.
In severe sprains, the ligaments can be partially or completely torn – sometimes leading to surgery. Strains and sprains can cause pain, either at the time of injury or later, swelling/bruising and weakness during the movement of the injured area.
For the most part, you can treat a sprain or muscle strain yourself, in the comfort of your home. The best way to treat a sprained muscle is to just lie in bed, and here are some quick guides to first aid for sprains and strains:
1. Control Swelling With RICE
Rest the sprained or strained area with sling or splint, Ice for 20 minutes every hour with thin towel for protection, Compress by wrapping an elastic bandage around the joint or limb and Elevate the area above heart level (if possible).
2. Manage Pain and Inflammation
Give an over-the-counter drug such as ibuprofen
3. Consult with Doctor
It is recommended that most strains and sprains should be evaluated by a doctor, especially if you experience extreme pain, and or there are symptoms of a possible broken bone
As people do our normal activities, there are always risks of tripping, falling and getting injured. If you experience a sprain, reach to your healthcare provider at BIMC Ubud Medical Centre, ensure that it was only sprain/strain and not becoming more severe injury. Contact our physician for further assistance at BIMC Ubud Medical Centre : firstname.lastname@example.org.